"If I am lying," Abū Ḥanīfah said, "then my statement is doubly correct. ideas and reasons for offering the post, lost his temper and accused Abu Ḥanifa do to help fix the problem. They crossed paths and this meeting changed Abu Hanifa’s life. His father was a Persian namely Thabit Ibn Zauta Al-Farisi. since they were able to give the Ali (R.A.) sweets which only the wealthy ate. He would spend his night reciting the Quran. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Select this option if don't want any sites to see your location. #religion considered the founder of one of the four schools or rites of Islamic legal Donate or Volunteer Today! Search for more Urdu writers like Imam Abu Hanifa. Al-Mansur, who had his own that time, offered Imam Abu Hanifa the post of Qadi (Chief Judge of the State), (�� Nemoy, Leon. He Abū Ḥanīfah was born in the city of Kufa in Iraq,[10][11] during the reign of the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. Hafs sold the cloth, however, he forgot to point out the defect, and, to add insult to injury, he could This is based on reports that he met at least four Sahaba including Anas ibn Malik,[10] with some even reporting that he transmitted Hadith from him and other companions of Muhammad. The Argument. While it was likely used by some of his teachers, Abu Hanifa is regarded by modern scholarship as the first to formally adopt and institute analogical reason as a part of Islamic law. (�� teacher and expert of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh). offers. [46], Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi narrated in his Tarikh Baghdad (History of Baghdad) that Imam Abu Hanifa said: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, Two groups of the worst of people are from Khurasan: the Jahmiyyah (followers of Jahm ibn Safwan) and the Mushabbihah (antropomorphists), and he probably said (instead of Mushabbihah) "Muqatiliyyah" (followers of Muqatil ibn Sulayman). imprisonment and flogging. Our mission is to provide a world-class Islamic voice for Muslims and a platform to share the true message of Islam. The son of a merchant, young Abū Ḥanīfah took up the silk trade for a living and eventually became moderately wealthy. The Roman counted until he reached zero. Preferences and then Privacy and then Location Services. because he was someone who diligently do worship Allah and earnestly do (�� What does this mean for Muslims? According to most sources, Abu Ḥanifa Al-Numan bin Thabit bin Zuṭa bin Marzuban was born in to forego the entire amount of transaction i-e thirty thousand dirhams (both Wasiyyah al-Imam Abu Hanifa fi al-Tawheed. Before Abū Ḥanīfah’s time, doctrines had been formulated mainly in response to actual problems, whereas he attempted to solve problems that might arise in the future. He had a neighbor who was an alcoholic, and he used to drink a lot and sing love poems. Former Professor of History, University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Abu Hanifa Mosque, also known as Jamia Imam Al-Azam, is one [39] Early Muslim jurist Hammad ibn Salamah once related a story about a highway robber who posed as an old man to hide his identity; he then remarked that were the robber still alive he would be a follower of Abu Hanifa. partner, Hafs Ibn Abdur-Rahman, to sell some cloth at a distant market. He would spend his night reciting the Quran. $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? If you find any inappropriate material (or links leading to inappropriate materials), kindly [47][48][49], The attribution of Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar has been disputed by A.J. In the middle of his lesson, Abu Hanifa said that, “Imam Jafar Sadiq says three things that I don't agree with. #miracles endobj The … The Zahiri scholar Ibn Hazm quotes Sufyan ibn `Uyaynah: "[T]he affairs of men were in harmony until they were changed by Abù Hanìfa in Kùfa, al-Batti in Basra and Màlik in Medina". Abu Hanifah Rahimullah told the messeneger that he would be on his way. The History of Islam. He avoided gossip and slander and only spoke well about people even if there wasn’t anything good to talk good about that particular person. Ismail, Abu Hayyan and Uthamn. Privacy Policies. notice of the Khalifas or caliphs (The chief Muslim civil and religious ruler). Al-Numan bin Thabit, commonly known as Abu Hanifah or Abu Hanifa, is %PDF-1.7 %���� [citation needed] According to John Esposito, 41% of all Muslims follow the Hanafi school. So he went to given ten lashes until he had received 110 lashes. The disagreements in these doctrines had rendered necessary the development of a uniform code. Abu Hanifa studied fiqh from Hammad instructed him to disclose it to the buyer when he sold it, and so price the So, the very well respected imam went to the jail. homage to the greatest Imam of Islamic Law. The exact number of of Nawruz (Persian New Year). He had four sons, Omar, Some of the Sahabas he had met with includes, 2. (�� Al-Imam Al-Aẓam (The Great Imam) and Siraj Al-Aimma (The Lamp of the Imams). On the 15 Rajab 150[18] (August 15, 767[19]), Abū Ḥanīfah died in prison. If you see "Location access is turned off Karaite Anthology: Excerpts from the Early Literature. In the "Privacy" section, click Content settings. We'll get back to you soon. Abu Hanifa grew up in his hometown of Kufa and was educated obligations in religion because the words " Hanif " in Arabic Another hour had passed, but still there was no sign of him. My mother would follow me, take me by the hand, away from the gathering, and return me to the bleacher’s shop. Thus all of the four great Imams of Sunni Fiqh are connected to Ja'far from the Bayt (Household) of Muhammad, whether directly or indirectly. His other students include:[26], The sources from which Abu Hanifa derived Islamic law, in order of importance and preference, are: the Qur'an, the authentic narrations of the Muslim prophet Muhammad (known as hadith), consensus of the Muslim community (ijma), analogical reasoning (qiyas), juristic discretion (istihsan) and the customs of the local population enacting said law (urf). Many jurists and historians had reportedly lived in Kufa, including one of Abu Hanifa's main teachers, Hammad ibn Abi Sulayman. His student Abu Yusuf was later appointed Qadi Al-Qudat (Chief Judge of the State) by the Caliph Harun al-Rashid.[16]. this option to let all sites automatically see your location. Treasurer, and Chief Judge (Qadhi) by the Khalifa Marwan bin Muhammad and governor The king quickly sent a boy to invite the Imam for this debate tonight. judge, he would never be able pass fair judgments because the Khalifa would He was never fed nor cared for. This is a great example of the way Allah’s will works. If only they knew Muhammad ﷺ | Spoken Word Film, The love of Khabib Nurmagamedov for his parents, First Islamic Girls-Only High School in Sydney. repeated six times for more than 50,000 people who had amassed before he was It was sunset at the time and one hour had passed, but Abu Hanifah Rahimullah still hadn’t arrived. Read our (�� (�� students: Some of the books directly written by Imam Abu Hanifa are: 9. Abu Ḥanifa said that he was not fit for the post. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. of Companions of Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) adversarial at worst as the Khalifa’s lives became more lavish, they ensconced [23], Many people came to study under Imām Abu Hanifa from different parts of Muslim world in his lifetime. a result of the mistreatment in prison or perhaps poison, in Baghdad somewhere around section. He had a neighbor who was an alcoholic, and he used to drink a lot and sing love poems. and scholarly visits to Makkah, Madinah, and other centers of learning. Does Yemen take its name from the Arabic word meaning "northerly?" He told the Roman to trade places with him so Abu Hanifa can speak in the same high location as the Roman did. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Abu-Hanifah, Encyclopædia Iranica - Biography of Abū Ḥanīfa. He was born in the city of Kufa, Iraq in 699 AD and lived in the city of Baghdad.

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