"[9], Ibn Khaldun, a North African polymath (1332–1406), considered population changes to be connected to economic development, linking high birth rates and low death rates to times of economic upswing, and low birth rates and high death rates to economic downswing. Today, a number of influential people advocate population planning such as these: The head of the UN Millennium Project Jeffrey Sachs is also a strong proponent of decreasing the effects of overpopulation. Population policies that are intended to increase a population or subpopulation growth rates may use practices such as: A number of ancient writers have reflected on the issue of population. Many Muslim Majority countries criminalize abortion under the premise that it is "against the word of god", The Nation has criticised some white Quiverfull families for having large families motivated by demographic change and worries about "race suicide".[43]. [82] Many of those categorized in the General Social Survey as "Fundamentalist Protestant" are more or less natalist, and have a higher birth rate than "Moderate" and "Liberal" Protestants. [76], Title X as a percentage of total public funding to family planning client services has steadily declined from 44% of total expenditures in 1980 to 12% in 2006. [48], The Chinese government introduced the policy in 1978 to alleviate the social and environmental problems of China. While population planning can involve measures that improve people's lives by giving them greater control of their reproduction, a few programs, most notably the Chinese government's "one-child policy and two-child policy", have resorted to coercive measures. [25] Growing opposition to the narrow population planning focus led to a significant change in population planning policies in the early 1990s. ", "Japan's demography: the incredible shrinking country", "Myanmar president signs off on contested population law", "Rohingyas: Still in peril: Myanmar's repression of Rohingyas continues apace", "Putin Urges Plan to Reverse Slide in the Birth Rate", "Spain appoints 'sex tsar' in bid to boost declining population", "Newsroom and Media Kit - Planned Parenthood", "Public Funding for Family Planning, Sterilization and Abortion Services, FY 1980–2006", "Population and the American future; the report. In population genetics a sexual population is a set of organisms in which any pair of members can breed together. If the gamodeme is very large (theoretically, approaching infinity), and all gene alleles are uniformly distributed by the gametes within it, the gamodeme is said to be panmictic. [83] However, Rick Santorum is not a Protestant but a practicing Catholic. The mean phenotype of the gamodemes collection is lower than that of the panmictic original – which is known as inbreeding depression. Large increases occurred in China, Mexico and Nigeria, and demographers warned of a "population explosion," particularly in developing countries from the mid-1950s onwards. Population control is the practice of artificially maintaining the size of any population.It simply refers to the act of limiting the size of an animal population so that it remains manageable, as opposed to the act of protecting a species from excessive rates of extinction, which is referred to as conservation biology [81] However, the figures identified for the demographic are extremely low. [46] The Romanian Revolution of 1989 preceded a fall in population growth. China had gone above carrying capacity and there was not enough resources for everyone. As recently as 1970, Africa was essentially self-sufficient in food. It is most important to note, however, that some dispersion lines will be superior to the panmictic original, while some will be about the same, and some will be inferior. The aging population trend has brought some influence to society, politics, and the economy in China. On 11 May, 2000 India was projected to have 1 billion (100 crore) people, i.e. Paul R. Ehrlich, a US biologist and environmentalist, published The Population Bomb in 1968, advocating stringent population planning policies. For example, when criticized for advocating mosquito nets he argued that child survival was, "by far one of the most powerful ways," to achieve fertility reduction, as this would assure poor families that the smaller number of children they had would survive. Population Control: Real Costs, Illusory Benefits, Population and housing censuses by country, International Conference on Population and Development, Human activities with impact on the environment, Current real density based on food growing capacity, Antiviral medications for pandemic influenza, Percentage suffering from undernourishment, Health expenditure by country by type of financing, Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies, Progress in International Reading Literacy Study, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, List of top international rankings by country, Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Convention on Biological Diversity (1992), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Human_population_planning&oldid=991310987, Articles needing additional references from September 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2010, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2013, Wikipedia articles needing context from July 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Self-contradictory articles from March 2017, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from March 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Reducing the overall population growth rate, Decreasing the relative population growth of a less favored subgroup of a national population or ethnic group, such as people of low intelligence or people with disabilities. 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