Part III - Strategy of major imperialist powers and the Soviet Union before World War II, Part IV - The main battles of World War II, Part V: The end of World War II and the aims of different countries and peoples, Bank Mergers and the Opposition of the Workers, Lenin’s teaching on the role of banks in the monopoly stage of capitalism, People are being made to pay for the crimes of capitalist loan defaulters, On the Real Aim of Merging and Privatising Banks, Concentration of Banking and Increasing Parasitism, Solution to the Problems of the Banking System, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qdufc26crLc. All this before the crisis of imperialism hit its peak; the power of the imperialist bourgeoisie was yet to be undermined (this may he brought about by a war of “attrition” but has not yet happened) and the proletarian movements in the imperialist countries were still very feeble. To mark the anniversary of Ireland’s Easter Rebellion, Fight Back! International Socialist Review Issue 14, October-November 2000 Kautsky considered that the war would be short-lived and that, after having relieved some pent-up pressures, imperialism would resume its steady march toward harmony and equilibrium. The Discussion on Self-Determination Summed Up (Lenin Series on the National Question, Vol #1) Paperback – January 1, 1974 by V.I. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. The imperialist war of 1914–16 has provided facts which refute such conclusions. Nevertheless, it proves that, owing to the crisis of imperialism, the flames of national revolt have flared up both in the colonies and in Europe, and that national sympathies and antipathies have manifested themselves in spite of the Draconian threats and measures of repression. A serious war would not be treated seriously if advantage were not taken of the enemy’s slightest weakness and if every opportunity that presented itself were not seized upon, the more so since it is impossible to know beforehand at what moment, where, and with what force some powder magazine will “explode.” We would be very poor revolutionaries if, in the proletariat’s great war of liberation for socialism, we did not know how to utilise every popular movement against every single disaster imperialism brings in order to intensify and extend the crisis. 9 Lenin, "The Right of Nations to Self-Determination," Collected Works, Vol. Rival views developed among the Bolsheviks, some of whom claimed that the right to self-determination was no longer necessary under socialism, while others asserted that only the proletariat of an oppressed nationality, rather than the oppressed population in its entirety, should be allowed to vote on the question of forming an independent state. The war proved to be an epoch of crisis for the West-European nations, and for imperialism as a whole. In presenting the commission report at the Second Congress of the Communist International in August 1920, Lenin added to Marx' and Engels' call for the workers of all countries to unite. (Authors’ italics.). Luxemburg argued that "the very development of international trade in the capitalist period brings with it the inevitable, though at times slow ruin of all the more primitive societies, destroys their existing means of 'self-determination,' and makes them dependent on the crushing wheel of capitalist development and world politics. The term “putsch,” in its scientific sense, may be employed only when the attempt at insurrection has revealed nothing but a circle of conspirators or stupid maniacs, and has aroused no sympathy among the masses. The war proved to be an epoch of crisis for the West-European nations, and for imperialism as a whole. Section 10: The Irish Rebellion of 1916 Our theses were written before the outbreak of this rebellion, which must be the touchstone of our theoretical views. To imagine that social revolution is conceivable without revolts by small nations in the colonies and in Europe, without revolutionary outbursts by a section of the petty bourgeoisie with all its prejudices, without a movement of the politically non-conscious proletarian and semi-proletarian masses against oppression by the landowners, the church, and the monarchy, against national oppression, etc. Among these there were masses imbued with the crudest prejudices, with the vaguest slid most fantastic aims of struggle; there were small groups which accepted Japanese money, there were speculators and adventurers, etc. But the realization of the democratic potential embodied in the new economy also depends on its expression and organization within a political state that is itself committed to and capable of abolishing national oppression. Among these there were masses imbued with the crudest prejudices, with the vaguest and most fantastic aims of struggle; there were small groups which accepted Japanese money, there were speculators and adventurers, etc. With imperialist rivalry reaching a new intensity during the first decade of the twentieth century, and in keeping with the closing words of the Communist Manifesto--"Workers of all countries unite!" Inevitably, sections of tile petty bourgeoisie and of the backward workers will participate in it—without such participation, mass struggle is impossible, without it no revolution is possible—and just as inevitably will they bring into the movement their prejudices, their reactionary fantasies, their weaknesses slid errors. Such a person pays lip-service to revolution without understanding what revolution is. Economism made it difficult to demonstrate in practice both the need for and the advantages of unity throughout the working class. Every crisis discards the conventionalities, tears away the outer wrappings, sweeps away the obsolete and reveals the underlying springs and forces. The term “putsch”, in its scientific sense, may be employed only when the attempt at insurrection has revealed nothing but a circle of conspirators or stupid maniacs, and has aroused no sympathy among the masses. But it is not indifferent to the Russian and German workers whether Poland is independent, or they take part in annexing her."29. The socialist revolution in Europe cannot be anything other than an outburst of mass struggle on the part of all and sundry oppressed and discontented elements.

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