Apple trees like well-drained, rich soil that will retain moisture. Size of Tree – Apple trees can grow to about 40 feet, but also come in dwarf varieties which are easier to maintain. Obtain a soil sample and test your soil … Every August and September this group has garden tours of orchards around our area where you can actually see successfully grown apple trees. 907-257-4274 (editorial) or 907-257-4268 (sales), Copyright © Binkley Co. All rights reserved. Gardeners appreciate Cortland apple trees for their beautiful pink blooms and pure white blossoms. These apple trees set fruit without a pollinator, but another tree in close proximity improves production. Our nurserymen and women are knowledgeable of the cultivars that grow well in this area, and before you buy, ask and research these important facts. Well after waiting for five years, my Norland dwarf apple tree has finally produced apples! There are trials going on inside high tunnels currently also at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Apple trees unfortunately are susceptible to many insect and disease issues and require special attention. Apple trees need six to eight hours of sunlight per day. Remember to stay calm and keep gardening and I look forward to seeing you around town. Well suited to very cold regions. Do not plant the fruit tree in a wooded area. Work the soil amendments down 12-18 inches prior to planting the tree. Growing up in Washington state, my grandparents lived on a farm and they had a large apple orchard. Don’t fertilize at planting time. These trees prefer dry, warm climates and moist, loamy soil. To get the largest, healthiest fruit from an apple tree, you occasionally need to give Mother Nature a hand and thin apple trees. Membership is required to attend these tours but is definitely worth it. The University of Alaska in Fairbanks is conducting studies on cultivars that are hardy here for us to grow. Be aware of the spacing of your tree, realizing how large it is expected to get and give it plenty of room to perform. As it turns out, you have to pay attention to a few important details when buying apple trees and when planting your tree if you want them to live and flourish. The ideal pH for an apple tree is 5.5-6.5. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Cortland apples are suitable for growing in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. Maybe in the future there will be a self-pollinating apple tree variety we can grow. When you plant your tree, make sure that you do not bury the graft area but leave it at least two inches above the ground. Your new tree should be well watered until it is established. Contact us today for information on pruning or any of our other apple tree care services. 300 W. 31st Ave. Norkent apple (zone 2) – Bred in Morden, Manitoba, Norkent is a very hardy tree, with good quality eating apples. Norkents are supposed to be decent storing apples, as well, storing up to 14 weeks, though they are reported to lose flavor towards the end of the storage time. The imperiled honeybees are required for pollination of our trees and should not be wiped out by pesticides in the garden. If you suspect a problem with your trees, call a SavATree certified arborist right away for an evaluation and treatment options. Cortland apples work well in fruit salads because the snow white apples are resistant to browning. Make sure your tree is mulched well and the soil is well weeded. Incorporate the material to a depth of 12 to 18 inches (30-45 cm.). Apples are grafted on a cold hardy rootstock, like the Siberian crabapple, which claims minus-60 degrees cold hardiness. I am a patient person, but five years? Until then, you will need two different trees, for instance a crabapple and an apple tree. By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer. The Cortland Apple Tree requires 800-1,000 chill hours and will serve as a good pollinator for Red Gravenstein, McIntosh, and Honeycrisp apples. Read on and learn how to grow Cortland apples. Write to her at [email protected], Alaska Star By properly controlling insects and disease, fertilizing and regularly pruning the trees you can enjoy the beauty and fruit of this tree on your landscape for years. Feed apple trees with a balanced fertilizer when the tree begins bearing fruit, usually after two to four years. One of the earliest summer apples to ripen. Mature and established apple trees benefit from fertilizer feedings of organic-based macro and micronutrients for the nutrition necessary to sustain their health. Thin excess fruit to ensure healthier, better-tasting fruit. Because many apple trees do not self-pollinate, a variety of apple trees that bloom at the same time need to be planted to encourage self-pollination and fruit production. Never overwater – keeping the soil a little on the dry side is preferable to soggy soil. The Cortland apple makes a wonderful presentation whether on salads, fruit trays, or fresh out of your lunch box. At the beginning of the growing season horticultural oils should also be used to smother scale insects and reduce over wintering populations of aphid and mite eggs. Frequently, you will see that orchards have bee hives in their fields to help with the needed pollination of their trees which is essential. Newly planted trees benefit from ArborKelp®, SavATree’s exclusive seaweed biostimulant which aids in tree establishment, promotes root growth and heightens stress tolerance. Never fertilize after July; feeding trees late in the season produces tender new growth that may be nipped by frost. During the early spring and summer fungicide applications are essential to prevent disease and produce healthy, high quality fruit. Many hours were spent climbing in these trees and picking these yummy apples. The sweet, juicy, slightly tart apples are good for eating raw, cooking, or making juice or cider. Cortland apples are cold hardy apples originating from New York, where they were developed at an agricultural breeding program in 1898. Rootstocks are not chosen for their fruit but are chosen for cold hardiness, disease resistance, efficient yield production and tolerance of different soil conditions. Of course this is totally out of our hands and can vary from year to year. This was really a great workshop and all my grafts were successful with their instruction.

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