The Parthenon replaced an older temple of Athena. She was the goddess of wisdom, warfare, and courage. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. The first known photograph of the Parthenon was taken in October of 1839 and the mosque in the Parthenon still remained at that point. The building was constructed using limestone foundations and 22,000 tons of marble. It’s a church There had been an earlier temple of Athena, now referred to as the Older Parthenon that was destroyed in 480 BC when the Persians invaded. It’s not as old as it looks By the 7th century some structural alterations in the inner portion had also been made. The history of the Acropolis goes back much farther than the … While we refer to the Parthenon as a temple—and it looks like one architecturally—the building doesn't function quite the way one would think. It was a temple to Athena for nearly 2000 years and originally had a huge idol to her. It was built in the mid-5th century bc in the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders, characterized by simple, austere columns. The continuous, low-relief carvings around the top of the chamber wall represented the annual Panathenaic procession of citizens honoring Athena. While we often think of classical art as being white and pristine, the Parthenon—as with much Greek architecture and sculpture—would have been colored originally. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. The festival consisted solely of the sacrifices and rites proper to the season (mid-August) in the cult of Athena, the city protectress. This means that its columns have fluted shafts and simple capitals. Constructed during the High Classical period, it is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders. Athens was later ruled by Christians who made the Parthenon a church. Jessica Stewart is a Contributing Writer and Digital Media Specialist for My Modern Met, as well as a curator and art historian. 10 Facts About the Parthenon, the Icon of Ancient Greece It’s dedicated to a Greek goddess.. Dating back to 432 B.C., the Parthenon is one … Interestingly, the minaret was formed from a tower that was in place because prior, it had been used as a Catholic church. The Turks seized the Acropolis in 1458, and two years later they adopted the Parthenon as a mosque, adding a minaret at the southwest corner. 1", 2008, p. 280, The building was designed by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates. The Pantheon was originally built as a pagan temple dedicated to all the gods, but in the year 608... 3. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. They have been on display in the British Museum since 1816. Learn the History Behind This Legendary Ancient Artifact. Receive our Weekly Newsletter. The impressive pediments that cap each end of the building would have been filled with sculpted figures and a continuous frieze would have run around the cella—inner chamber—and lintels of the inner columns. The Pantheon is the oldest standing domed structure in Rome. The Parthenon is a temple in Athens, Greece, that was built during the Athenian Empire rule in honor of the goddess Athena. It was built between 447 and 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. Today, it is not known what gods were included. Kleiner, Fred S., Christin J. Mamiya. It sits on a hill called the Acropolis overlooking Athens. The architects were Ictinus and Callicrates, who worked under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. The Parthenon is dedicated to the patron saint of Athens—the goddess Athena. The Pantheon dome is the largest dome made mainly of unreinforced concrete. The temple is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders. At the Parthenon in Athens, you'll see the remains of a temple built for the Greek goddess Athena, the patron goddess of the ancient City of Athens, in 438 BC. Lua error in Module:Infobox_mapframe at line 118: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). Located on the Acropolis in Athens, the Parthenon was constructed at the peak of the Greek empire. [2] Since the 7th century, the Pantheon has been used as a Roman Catholic church. The Parthenon is a temple in the middle of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece (Europe). Life-size pediment sculptures from the Parthenon in the British Museum. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. Let's take a look at some of the most interesting facts about the Parthenon, the apex of Greek architecture. In the 1460s, when Greece was under Ottoman rule, the temple was transformed into a mosque and stayed that way for nearly 200 years. The design of the current building is sometimes credited to Trajan's architect Apollodorus of Damascus, but it may also been Emperor Hadrian's architects who designed it. In the foreground of the image, a reconstruction of the marble imbrices and tegulae (roof tiles) forming the roof is visible, resting on wooden supports. They have been on display in the British Museum since 1816. While historians debate just how much of the structure would have been covered in color, archaeologist often use UV light to uncover pigments that have now been lost. It was built between 447 BC and 432 BC during the reign of Pericles. On September 26. The Parthenon was built almost 2,500 years ago and was dedicated to the goddess Athena. Built in the Classical architectural style, its proportions have been studied for centuries. Animated by Fallschirmjäger [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons. This is an engraving made after the original daguerreotype. It’s not the first temple on this space. Panathenaea, in Greek religion, an annual Athenian festival of great antiquity and importance. The temple was still being used as a mosque when the Ottomans adopted it as an ammunition dump during the war. Photo: Stock Photos from anyaivanova/Shutterstock. While a colossal statue of Athena by the famed sculptor Phidias would have been located inside the Parthenon, it was not related to a particular cult and so would not have been worshipped. The Parthenon's position on the Acropolis dominates the city skyline of Athens. The Ottoman's had been storing ammunition inside the temple and it suffered an explosion when a mortar hit. She cultivated expertise in street art which led to the purchase of her photographic archive by the Treccani Italian Encyclopedia in 2014. You don't have to go all the way to Greece to experience the Parthenon. It was a temple to honor the goddess Athena for nearly 900 years, and originally had a huge idol to her. Interesting Parthenon Facts: The Parthenon is 45 feet tall, and its base is 228 feet by 101 feet.

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