remain constant. [34], In 1117, the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana defeated the Cholas in the Battle of Talakad in south Karnataka, and extended its rule over the region. [88], Bangalore suffers from the same major urbanisation problems seen in many fast-growing cities in developing countries: rapidly escalating social inequality, mass displacement and dispossession, proliferation of slum settlements, and epidemic public health crisis due to severe water shortage and sewage problems in poor and working-class neighbourhoods. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. The city is home to the Bangalore rugby football club (BRFC). When in 2018, Chief Minister Siddaramaiah's government officially recognised the latest version, the party leader Vatal Nagaraj expressed his disapproval. During the 21st century, Bangalore has suffered terrorist attacks in 2008, 2010, and 2013. It was abolished in 1843 only to be revived in 1881 at Bangalore and to be closed down permanently in 1947, with Indian independence. [99][100][101] Muslims form a very diverse population, consisting of Dakhini and Urdu-speaking Muslims, Kutchi Memons, Labbay and Mappilas. [189] Though both classical and contemporary music are played in Bangalore, the dominant music genre in urban Bangalore is rock music. The city's history dates back to around 890 AD, in a stone inscription found at the Nageshwara Temple in Begur, Bangalore. [129], Bangalore generates about 3,000 tonnes of solid waste per day, of which about 1,139 tonnes are collected and sent to composting units such as the Karnataka Composting Development Corporation. A production centre was established in the Doordarshan's Bangalore office in 1983, thereby allowing the introduction of a news program in Kannada on 19 November 1983. Location of Bangalore in Karnataka, India, Bangalore Fort in 1860 showing fortifications and barracks. By the 1980s, it was clear that urbanisation had spilled over the current boundaries, and in 1986, the Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority, was established to co-ordinate the development of the entire region as a single unit. Every month the gallery is conducting fresh cartoon exhibition of various professional as well as amateur cartoonist. [25] The government of Karnataka accepted the proposal, and it was decided to officially implement the name change from 1 November 2006. remain in contact. Mysore Kingdom inherited this right after the principality was commissioned in 1399 by Harihara II, anointing Mysore Kingdom's first ruler, Yaduraya Wodeyar, as its ruler. [222] Though the number of satellite TV channels available for viewing in Bangalore has grown over the years,[223] the cable operators play a major role in the availability of these channels, which has led to occasional conflicts. [102], Kannada is the official language of Bengaluru, but the city is multi-cultural. [200][201] Bangalore has a significant number of international schools due to expats and IT crowd. Bengaluru Karaga or "Karaga Shaktyotsava" is one of the most important and oldest festivals of Bangalore dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Draupadi. Some of the professional institutes in Bengaluru are: Some famous private institutions in Bangalore include Symbiosis International University, SVKM's NMIMS, CMR University, Christ University, Jain University, PES University, Dayananda Sagar University and M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences. "remained." to stay in the same place or in the same condition: The doctor ordered him to remain in bed for a few days. [93] Bangalore once had a large Anglo-Indian population, the second largest after Calcutta. [67], Bangalore has a handful of freshwater lakes and water tanks, the largest of which are Madivala tank, Hebbal lake, Ulsoor lake, Yediyur Lake and Sankey Tank. Multibhashi is an app to learn languages most effectively and effortlessly. A flag was proposed for the state in 2018, but was subsequently withdrawn and the unofficial Kannada flag remains in popular use in the state. . Seven days and supportive services eliminate discrepancies and There is no exact word for coffee in Kannada, usually everyone used to call coffee only. [115], Electricity in Bangalore is regulated through the Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (BESCOM),[116] while water supply and sanitation facilities are provided by the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB). Bangalore /bæŋɡəˈlɔːr/, officially known as Bengaluru[12] ([ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] (listen)), is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. In 1809, the British shifted their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the old city, and a town grew up around it, which was governed as part of British India. The Residency of Mysore State was first established in Mysore City in 1799 and later shifted to Bangalore in 1804. Bangalore: Historical Publications, 1970. 50% of Bangalore's air pollution caused due to dust – Bangalore", "Whitefield is most polluted area in Bangalore", "36% diesel vehicles exceed national limit for emissions: Study", "C40: 35 CITIES UNITE TO CLEAN THE AIR THEIR CITIZENS BREATHE, PROTECTING THE HEALTH OF MILLIONS", "Slum dwellers rehoused Bangalore – The SoftCopy", "By 2020, Bangalore will be a full-fledged concrete jungle", "IT employees get nod to set up trade union in Karnataka", "Bangalore third richest city in country", "IT in India: Big successes, large gaps to be filled", "Opportunity and exploitation in urban labour markets", "Biocon in drug development talks with Bayer", "Airports Authority of India: Traffic statistics – Passengers (Intl+Domestic), Annexure IIIC", "Airports Authority of India: Traffic statistics – Aircraft movements (Intl+Domestic), Annexure IIC", "Passenger traffic tops 9.3m at Bangalore airport", "All of Bangalore Metro Phase-1 will be up and running from June 18", "Cabinet clears 29.62-km Nagawara–Kempegowda International Airport line", "New train between Bengaluru and Mangaluru", "Bangaloreans begin to bond with the sleek Swedish behemoths", "Bangalore-city.com, Bangalore Bus Information, City Buses, Volvo Buses, Tata Marcopolo Buses, Long Distance Buses", "KSRTC's Tamil Nadu-bound buses to ply from Shantinagar", "Lonely Planet's Best in Travel: top 10 cities for 2012 – travel tips and articles", "Bangalore most vegan-friendly city in India", "International cuisine pushes retailers' margins", "History, they wrote at Bangalore Literature fest", "Exhibition of Cartoons by Shekhar Gurera", "You know music is in Bangalore's DNA, bands tell why", "Pre-schools work on developing multiple intelligence", "Bangalore a hot destination for foreign students", "Trimester system in all Karnataka schools from 1 June", "What will happen to government schools now?

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