The middle band has enclosed interior area on one side and another colonnade and exterior area on the other side (image 5). Cutting through the Athenian Agora is a diagonal path called the PANATHENAIC PROCESSION. The Stoa was a suitable size and enough architectural elements remained to assist in producing an accurate reconstruction. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [3], In 1948 Homer Thompson (who was field director of the Agora excavations from 1946–1967 being undertaken by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA) proposed that the Stoa of Attalos be reconstructed to serve as a museum to house archaeological finds. [citation needed], The Stoa was formally dedicated on 3 September 1956 at an event attended by members of the royal family, the Archbishop of Athens, various politicians and members of the public. The Doric order was used for the exterior colonnade on the ground floor with Ionic for the interior colonnade. Each colonnade was defined by a different capital. Stoae surrounded… [4], Funded by contributions from American donors (including a US$1 million financial contribution from John D. Rockefeller Jr.) the reconstruction of the Stoa was carried out by the ASCSA under the general supervision of the Department for Restoration of Ancient and Historic Monuments of the Ministry of Education, directed by Anastasios Orlandos. Pentelicus, and the roof tiles, clay from Attica. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Its exhibits are mostly connected with the Athenian democracy. The stoa was a gift to the city of Athens for the education that Attalos received there under the philosopher Carneades. Stoa of Attalos (also spelled ... ️Best Price Guaranteed ️Simple licensing. Stoa of Attalos. In particular enough of the northern end remained to allow engineers to ensure that the reconstructed building would be the same height as the original building. [citation needed], The Stoa was formally dedicated on 3 September 1956 at an event attended by members of the royal family, the Archbishop of Athens, various politicians and members of the public. [4] The reconstruction is particularly important in the study of ancient monuments because it is a faithful replica of the original building, to the degree possible within the limits of archaeological knowledge. 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The rooms of both stories were lighted and vented through doorways and small windows located on the back wall. Ionic CAPITALS feature VOLUTES, which appear to be scroll like. A dedicatory inscription engraved on the architrave states that it was built by Attalos II, who was ruler of Pergamon. The Stoa of Attalus, Athens. Stoa of Attalos II, UNKNOWN DESIGNER, Greek, ATHENS, Greece, 150 BC, Image 2:Plan Drawing of the Stoa of Attalos showing open air, Image 3: View of Columns in the Stoa of Attalos, Image 4: View of corridor in the Stoa of Attalos, Image 5:Enclosed interior area with colonnade space. The building skillfully makes use of different architectural orders. Geometric period, 750-725 BC, Casserole and brazier (6th/4th century BC), Woman kneeling before an altar. [5]. An Attalid king paid for a fine stoa for Athens’s marketplace, recently restored; and…, …an elaborate building, called a stoa, consisting of a long front wall interrupted at the sides by projecting wings, or, The Greek market hall, or stoa, as seen in Athens, is a particularly good illustration of a long colonnade serving a commercial purpose. The rooms of both stories were lighted and vented through doorways and small windows located on the back wall. [2] As many as 150 workmen were employed, including 50 master masons, 20 carpenters, and five steelworkers. The Stoa of Attalos. The Stoa of Attalos ... Greek architect Ioannis Travlos and Greek Civil Engineer Yeoryios Biris designed the rebuilding. The reproduction used marble from the same quarry locations as the original, additionally using quarries in Piraeus. The view here is exquisite,... {{current_weather.dt | moment( atts.date )}}. second in the series of Greek order of columns, Ionic is taller and thinner than DORIC columns. Amphora with bird procession. The original Stoa had a single central column which featured a chariot at the top which was dedicated to Attalos. The stoa was a gift to the city of Athens for the education that Attalos received there under the philosopher Carneades. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Rooms might back onto the colonnade, and a second story was sometimes added. [4], In 1957 the Greek state assumed responsibility for the administration and security of the museum and the archaeological site. At that point it had stood for approximetely 417 years. The rebuilding of the Stoa (begun 1953) is due to the archeological excavation work done by the American School of Classical Studies between 1952-1956, funded by John D. Rockefeller Jr. and the Rockefeller Foundation with $1.5 million. The lower outer columns facing toward the Agora are 45 large Doric pillars and the smaller upper columns are Ionic, and there are 22 interior support columns topped with Pergamene capitals. The central most row is IONIC, and the outer colonnade is DORIC, all made of marble (image 4). The stoa was in frequent use until its woodwork was burned by the Heruli in AD 267. The walls were built of limestone from Piraeus, while the facade, the columns and interior trim used Pentelic marble from Mt. The Stoa of Attalos (or Attalus), a two-floor building, is one of the most impressive buildings in the Athenian Agora. The building was constructed on the east side of the Agora or market place of Athens and was used from approximately 150 B.C. Destroyed in the Herulian sack of Athens in 267 AC, the Stoa’s remnants were used to build the Roman wall. [4], The building was reconstructed on the original foundations but in order to facilitate its new role as a museum some changes were made to the basement storage area, window sizes and door positions while some internal walls were eliminated. First in the series of Greek columns, Doric are the shortest and thickest of the three orders of Greek columns. Exploring Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, Stoa of Attalos Plan © Conner Cunningham is licensed under a, Columns at the Stoa of Attalos © Aimee Moore is licensed under a, Collonade of Stoa of Attalos © Aimee Moore is licensed under a. Greek civil engineer George Biris served as consulting engineer. Named after King Attalus II of Pergamon, who gave it to the city as a gift, the Stoa was erected between 159 and 138 BC. [4], The building was reconstructed on the original foundations but in order to facilitate its new role as a museum some changes were made to the basement storage area, window sizes and door positions while some internal walls were eliminated.

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