from HearthHistory Website . 1, pp. Historical Inscriptions, Containing Principally the Chronological Prism, W-B. While this may not seem like too much of a mystery, it’s what is inscribed along with the list of kings that makes it so puzzling. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. These cookies do not store any personal information. Then Kiš was defeated and the kingship was taken to Hamazi. Kalbum, son of Mamagal, ruled for 195 years. Barsal-nuna, son of Enme-nuna, ruled for 1,200 years. In other words, scholars are telling us that some things written on the list of Sumerian kings are correct, while others-like relentlessly long reigns-can not be. Four kings ruled for 177 years. Then Uruk was defeated and the kingship was taken to Ur. "Beginning and End of the Sumerian King List in the Nippur Recension." Hallo, W. W. 1963. The divine Lugal-banda, the shepherd, ruled for 1200 years. The oldest extant inscriptions containing the list, such as the Weld-Blundell Prism,[3][4][5] date from the early 2nd millennium BC. A total of twenty-two kings ruled for 2610+N years, 6 months and 15 days; five dynasties in Uruk. Finkelstein, J. J. 267-92, 2003, Young, Dwight W. The Incredible Regnal Spans of Kish I in the Sumerian King List, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. Šarrum-iter ruled for 9 years. (2341-2316) This text is preserved in several recensions. It lists rulers from the antediluvian dynasties to Suen-magir, the fourteenth ruler of the Isin dynasty (ca. The prism contains four sides with two columns on each side. 105-111, 1961. 20 Chilling Unsolved Mysteries That Will Leave You Scared! [1], The final attested version of the King List, dating to the Middle Bronze Age, aimed to legitimize Isin's claims to hegemony when Isin competed for dominance with Larsa and other neighboring city-states in southern Mesopotamia. In Uruk, Ur-nigin became king; he ruled for 7 years. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Then Agade was defeated and the kingship was taken to Uruk. Dumuzi the … Alaljar ruled for 36000 years. An extant document, The Sumerian King List, records that eight kings reigned before the great Flood. Pu'annum ruled for 840 years. A total of one king ruled for 90 years; one dynasty in Adab. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. A total of one king ruled for 420 years; one dynasty in Hamazi. King, L. W. 1907. W.20030, 7) or "Uruk List of Kings and Sages" (ULKS) was discovered by German archaeologists at an ancient temple at Uruk. Kalibum ruled for 900 years. A total of eleven kings ruled for 159 years; one dynasty in Isin. (2124-2113) Melem-ana ruled for 6 years. Foursic kings ruled for 108sic years. OECT II. 1961–1674 BC (short)) from this period is not mentioned in the King List. What if the details found in the Sumerian King List are one hundred percent accurate and that, unlike the mainstream scholars, these impassible reigns were a possibility, at a time when civilization, society and our planet were very different from what it is today? "The Seed of Kingship." [19] Attempts have been made to map these numbers into more reasonable regnal lengths. Enmerkar, the son of Meskiaggasher, the king of erech who had built Erech, reigned 420 years as king. External Related Links. Lim-er, the pašišu-priest, ruled for 30 years. However, the fact that many of the dynasties listed reigned simultaneously from varying localities makes it difficult to reproduce a strict linear chronology.[1]. JCS 32: 65–80. (2154-2147) [1][2], The list blends prehistorical, presumably mythical predynastic rulers enjoying implausibly lengthy reigns with later, more plausibly historical dynasties. Reference to him and his successor, Aga of Kish, in the Epic of Gilgamesh has led to speculation that Gilgamesh himself may have been a historical king of Uruk. For decades people believed that the detailed history in the List of the Sumerian Kings, that is, the kings with incredibly long lives, their disappearance during the Great Flood and their replacement with the new kings that came from heaven, were just another set of mythological stories. "The Tall Leilān Recension of the Sumerian King List." 1974. Ennun-dara-ana ruled for 8 years. The King List ends with the reign of a Mesopotamian ruler presumably contemporaneous with the author or redactor of the List. Contents. Their total: 134 kings. 1763–1753 B.C.). Then Sippar fell and the kingship was taken to Šuruppak. The Sumerian King List seems to have been composed to imply that the dominion of Mesopotamia, determined by the gods, could only be exercised by one city at a given time and for a limited period. by L.C. "The Flood Hero as King and Priest." The Most Unknown Facts And Famous Quotes From The Emperor Genghis Khan. A copy of the tablet appears in Jan van Dijk and Werner R. Mayer, R.K. Harrison, “Reinvestigating the Antediluvian Sumerian King List,” JETS, vol. It is possible that Ur-Nammu was originally his governor. It is the oldest dated source, at c. 2000 BC, that contains the list. "Miscellaneous Communications." Most noteworthy is that after the Ur III period the primeval flood catastrophe emerged as a watershed on the chronological timeline, dividing world history into the antediluvian era and the postdiluvian era. 1989. The short chronology is used here. M. A. Beak, 271–80. Then Uruk was defeated and the kingship was taken to Ur. After the Flood had swept over, and the kingship had descended from heaven, the kingship was in Kiš. Perforated, the prism must originally have a wooden spindle going through its centre so that it might be rotated and read on all four sides. In Larak, En-sipad-zid-ana ruled for 28,800 years. Ibbi-Sin, son of Šu-Sin, ruled for 24 years. Meš-ki'ag-Nuna, son of Mes-ane-pada, became king; he ruled for 36 year. History as Charter Some Observations on the Sumerian King List, Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. [18], The antediluvian reigns were measured in Sumerian numerical units known as sars (units of 3,600), ners (units of 600), and sosses (units of 60). (2130-2124) In Ur, Mes-ane-pada became king; he ruled for 80 years. Additional rulers, introductory and summary formulae for each dynasty and anecdotal information for certain individual rulers were inserted. The clay tablet that survived was dated by the scribe who wrote it in the reign of King Utukhegal of Erech (Uruk), which places it around 2125 BC. Home » Sources » Content » ANET » 266 The Sumerian King List, About Pictures Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs. Boston: American Schools of Oriental Research. Wiki formatting syntax. In 1960, the Apkullu-list (Tablet No. Tizkar, son of Samug, ruled for 305 years. Išu-Il ruled for 24 years. ZA 85: 234–70. The Second dynasty of Lagash (before c. 2093–2046 BC (short)) is not mentioned in the King List, though it is well known from inscriptions. In Symbolae biblicae et mesopotamicae: Francisco Mario Theodoro de Liagre Böhl dedicatae, ed. Then the Flood swept over. 52-57, 1963. by Jacob Klein (Bar-Ilan University), Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature,, Full text of the Sumerian King List, with variations, "The Beginning and the End of the Sumerian King List", Muslim conquest of Mesopotamia and Persia,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, names before Etana do not appear in any other known source, and their existence is archaeologically unverified, the earliest ruler on the List confirmed independently from epigraphical evidence. (2047-2038) This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Its ideological stance and chronographic style, structure and data exerted a wide-spread and enduring impact on a number of Mesopotamian literary compositions (e.g., the Curse of Agade, the Lamentation over Sumer and Ur, the Sumerian Flood Story) and later chronographic sources (e.g., the Rulers of Lagash, the Babylonian Dynastic Chronicle, the Assyrian King List, Berossos’ Babyloniaca) from the Ur III period to the Hellenistic period (ca. The largest list is the Weld-Blundell prism, which you can find at Ashmolean Museum cuneiform collection … One king ruled for 427 years and 6sic days. "The Antediluvian Kings: A University of California Tablet", J. J. Finkelstein, Lambert and Millard, Cuneiform Texts 46 Nr. [13] The tablet was inscribed during the reign of the Babylonian King Samsu-iluna, or slightly earlier, with the earliest date of 1712 BC. La'arabum ruled for 2 years. The Sumerian king list: translation (In the following translation, mss.

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