Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar have theorized the position of woman and the literary imagination in the nineteenth century (The Madwoman in the Attic, 1979) and the twentieth (No Man’s Land, 2 vols., 1987-89) and offer a large selection of women authors who conform to their paradigms in their edition of The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women (1985). Like Showalter and Moers, they detect historical stages of a female literary tradition, but they ground these in male comparisons and frequently make their points through metaphors and puns, as seen in their titles. 1, The War of the Words, 1987; vol. Toril Moi is James B. Duke Professor of Literature and Romance Studies at Duke University, North Carolina. This book examines the strengths and limitations of the two main strands in feminist criticism, the Anglo-American and the French, paying particular attention to the works of Cixous, Irigaray and Kristeva.What are the political implications of a feminist critical practice? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Cixous, Helene. Against this politics of male empowerment, Fetterley offers the female reader the power of naming what is real, in terms of her own experience. In today’s globalized world, women’s studies is emerging as a fast growing discipline which is not restricted any more to the academia but is significantly capturing the attention of the civil society. This introduction of metaphors of the female body finds a response in French feminist theory, with Luce Irigaray’s “two lips” of the female body and Hélène Cixous‘s concept of writing in mother’s milk. Non-normative Freudian resolutions of the Oedipus complex offer advantages to authors such as Ge r t r u d e s t e in . [1] In 1998, she won Duke's University Teacher of the Year Award and in 2008 she won the Dean's Award for Excellence in Mentoring of Graduate Students. Increasingly, women writers find enabling fantasies and roles—Sappho as a predecessor, Aphrodite as an erotic authority, and transvestism as metaphor. Studies of James Joyce can represent the continuing analysis of male writers. [2], She is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Annette Kolodny introduced the concept of a coded language of a female subculture in “A Map for Rereading,” its title a reaction to the narrow literary culture defined in Harold Bloom’s A Map of Misreading. In the 1990s many would-be reformers of feminism … Toril Moi is James B. Duke Professor of Literature and Romance Studies, and Professor of English, and Theater Studies at Duke University. Post-Colonial Studies: "Knowing the Oriental" Hubert Zapf. Simone de Beauvoir: The Making of an Intellectual Woman, Sexual/Textual Politics: Feminist Literary Theory, Acknowledging the other: Reading, writing, and living in the mandarins, Thinking through Examples: What Ordinary Language Philosophy Can Do for Feminist Theory, Thinking through examples: What ordinary language philosophy can do for feminist theory, Fem røde epler: Fra navn til bruk. Kelley, David and Llasera, Isabelle (eds), FRENCH FEMINIST CRITICISM, WOMEN, LANGUAGE, AND LITERATURE, AN ANNOTATED-BIBLIOGRAPHY - GELFAND,ED, HULES,VT, FEMMES, RECENT WRITINGS ON FRENCH WOMEN - WEITZ,MC, Review. Early parts of the “female” phase of self-exploration are seen by Showalter as carrying “the double legacy of feminine selfhatred and feminist withdrawal” (33). This essay is an edited, shorter version of an essay originally entitled “Feminist Literary Criticism,” published in Ann Jefferson and David Robey (eds. Toril Moi places Showalter in a humanist tradition. “Gynocritics” is the name Elaine Showalter has given to those critics who wish “to construct a female framework for the analysis of women’s literature, to develop new models based on the study of female experience, rather than to adapt male models and theories” (“Toward a Feminist Poetics,” New Feminist Criticism 131). Lillian S. Robinson’s “Treason Our Text: Feminist Challenges to the Literary Canon” questions limitations of both old masculinist and new feminist canons. "Laugh of the Medusa." Minow-Pinkney, Makiko. While feminism and postmodernism share several characteristics, most notably the deconstruction of the masculinised western ideology, feminism chooses to place itself within the absolutism of the modernist movement, a time when feminism was unheard of, but I wish that Chopin, who had been liberated enough to conceive of a character who would think like Mrs. Mallard, could also have imagined a situation in which she could have survived.

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