In 1759 Jackson entered the Navy leaving Cottrell to carry on alone. An independent archive of typography. In 1998, Justin Howes reestablished the Caslon foundry, under the name H. W. Caslon & Company Limited, with an expanded version of ITC Founder's Caslon as the company's initial product. William Caslon IV: William Caslon IV – born 1780, died 1869 – type founder. Caslon started work as apprentice to a London gunsmith, and set up his own business in 1716 engraving gunlocks and bookbinding tools. William Caslon I – born 1692 in Cradley, Worcestershire, England, died 1766 in Bethnal Green, England – engraver, type founder, type designer. He acquired moiety of half of Robert Mitchell and Jacob Ilive in 1740. 1807: Caslon IV takes over the running of the type foundry until 1819, when the foundry is bought by Blake, Garnett Co. 1837: The type foundry, still under the name of Caslon, becomes the property of the Stephenson, Blake Co. type foundry in Sheffield. Fontspring search 1807: Caslon IV takes over the running of the type foundry until 1819, when the foundry is bought by Blake, Garnett Co. 1837: The type foundry, still under the name of Caslon, becomes the property of the Stephenson, Blake Co. type foundry in Sheffield. The Caslon types fell out of favour in the century after his death, but were revived in the 1840s. And it all happened here, around the eastern fringes of the City of London. William Caslon was the first major letter founder in London and, nearly three centuries later, remains the pre-eminent letter founder this country has produced. A later and important purchase was the foundry of Thomas Grover in 1758. Find the same inventory offered here (and more!) wow. In 1819 he sold the business to the new Sheffield foundry of Blake, Garnett&Co (later Stephenson Blake), which had started in 1818. Sign in to participate. The last lineal descendant of Caslon, Henry William Caslon, brought in Thomas White Smith as a new manager shortly before Caslon's death in 1874. Unauthorized use or duplication of these words and pictures without written permission is strictly prohibited. Caslon III sold his share of the business to his mother and daugther-in-law and used the money to buy the Jackson type foundry, The type foundry remained the property of the Caslon family until 1795. Once complete, these punches were impressed into copper to make moulds, known as matrices, that were used for the casting of type for printing. He is credited with the very first sans-serif printing type, a font of upper-case only called Egyptian, in 1816. William Caslon III: He took over management of the Salisbury Square foundry (ex-Joseph Jackson) from his father in 1807, now calling it simply William Caslon. Spitalfields Life is published daily by Spitalfields Life Books Ltd. The foundry operated an ambitious promotional programme, issuing a periodical, "Caslon's Circular". Before Caslon, there was little letter founding in Britain and most type was imported – even Shakespeare’s First Folio was printed with French type. Equally, the company produced punches of letters for book-binding and there is a legend that Caslon’s talent for type design was first spotted by a printer, coming upon his lettering upon the spine of a book in a shop. MyFonts search In 1837, the Salisbury Square Caslon Foundry became the property of Stephenson, Blake & Co.[9]. Copyright © 2020 Monotype GmbH. William Caslon III – born 1754, died 1833 – type founder. regards. He died on 23 January 1766, and was buried in the churchyard of St Luke Old Street, London, where the family tomb is preserved (bearing his name and others). [8] Both partners died in 1809. 1737: The type foundry moves to Chiswell Street in London, where it continues to operate for 200 years. TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on [8] Henry died in 1788, and in 1792 William III sold his share of the business to his mother and his sister-in-law, Elizabeth née Rowe, Henry's widow: the two Elizabeth Caslons continued to run it until the elder Elizabeth's death in 1795. In Helmet Row, off Old St, where William Caslon established his first type foundry in 1727. A later and important purchase was the foundry of Thomas Grover in 1758. There are more than 4,000 stories by The Gentle Author with 40,000 pictures to be found in the categories and archives on this site. William Caslon IV Son of William Caslon III, great-grandson of William Caslon I. Note: Comments may be edited. Organ music, beer and type – what a fabulous life and legacy! John James in the period 1716–1764 also built up by purchase what became the leading English type foundry of the 18th and early 19th centuries. Steam trains from a Caslon Specimen Book. Double-click to enlarge William Caslon’s Specimen of Typefaces from 1734. William Caslon IV: William Caslon IV – born 1780, died 1869 – type founder. This initiative was based upon the success of a commission for the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge who required an Arabic typeface to be used in religious texts distributed among Christian communities in the Middle East. The subsequent proprietors were: Henry Caslon II and F. F. Catherwood, 1809–1821; Henry Caslon II, H. W. Caslon and M. W. Livermore (trading as Caslon, Son and Livermore), 1821–1840; Caslon & Son, 1840–1850; H. W. Caslon and Co., 1850–1873. He took over management of the Salisbury Square foundry (ex-Joseph Jackson) from his father in 1807, and called it William Caslon. have often walked pass this crypt and now no who is buried there Though his name would come to be identified with an enduring style of Latin alphabet, Caslon's first typefaces were what contemporary typefounders called "exotics."  [Designer info] Type design in the United Kingdom ⦿ Caslon typefaces were immediately popular and used for many important printed works, including the first printed version of the United States Declaration of Independence. This new typeface caught on quickly and began to appear all over Europe and the U.S. under the names "Grotesque" and "Sans Serif." He died in 1869. Several revivals of the Caslon types are widely used today. Moving in 1727 to larger premises in Ironmongers’ Row, by 1730 Caslon had eclipsed his competitors, securing the exclusive contract to supply type to the King’s printers. He took over management of the Salisbury Square foundry (ex-Joseph Jackson) from his father in 1807, now calling it simply William Caslon. Caslon’s first type Specimen of 1734 exemplifies a confidence and clarity of design which has become so familiar that it is difficult to appreciate in retrospect. Caslon's typefaces were inspired by the Dutch Baroque types, the most commonly used types in England before Caslon's faces. William Caslon IV Learning of the work of William Caslon, whose Doric & Brunel typefaces, newly digitised by Paul Barnes, are being used by David Pearson in The Gentle Author’s London Album, I was inspired to write this brief account of the life of Britain’s most celebrated letter founder. Son of William Caslon III, great-grandson of William Caslon I. They started a foundry of their own in direct competition to their employer in 1757. 1734: Caslon’s first one-page specimen is produced which illustrates 47 of his typefaces. August 16, 2013 Organ music, beer and type – what a fabulous life and legacy! The Caslon letter foundry in 1900 (Photograph from St Bride Printing Library), Dedication page of William Caslon’s Specimen. The other half of that business was purchased by John James, son of Thomas James. Vignettes from a nineteenth century Caslon Specimen Book. [2], Caslon was born in Cradley, Worcestershire in 1692 or 1693[1] and trained as an engraver in nearby Birmingham. Caslon had two apprentices in his Sheffield Foundry, Thomas Cottrell and Joseph Jackson. Copyright © 1999-2020 MyFonts Inc. All rights reserved. There was demand for Anglo Saxon typeface in 1734! However, the Company name remained H. W. Caslon and Co. Ltd., and continued running until 1937, when it was acquired by Stephenson Blake. INTERNAL LINKS Fonts from the type designer “William Caslon IV” in use. 1766: After the death of his father, Caslon junior runs the family business until 1778. H. W. Caslon died in 1873, when the Foundry was acquired by T. W. Smith and partners. William Caslon I founded the Caslon Foundry in 1739, based on what previously had been Godfrey Head's (1685–1700). John James in the period 1716–1764 also built up by purchase what became the leading English type foundry of the 18th and early 19th centuries. This font contained only upper-case letters and was called Egyptian. Caslon ⦿, Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html. Collection; Blog; or combine terms with Advanced Search. Elisabeth Caslon (known as the Widow Caslon) who ran the foundry after her husband’s death, William Caslon III (born 1754, died 1833), Henry William Caslon IV (born 1786, died 1850), Henry William Caslon V (born 1814, died 1874).

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