Ziggurat, pyramidal stepped temple tower that is an architectural and religious structure characteristic of the major cities of Mesopotamia (now mainly in Iraq) from approximately 2200 until 500 bce. From their inception in southern Mesopotamia during the Uruk Period, until the collapse of the Neo-Babylonian Dynasty in the sixth century BC, ziggurats provided an important focal point for the religious activities of the various ethnic groups of Mesopotamia. During the Neo-Babylonian era, the ziggurat had deteriorated to just the base level. Each city in Mesopotamia had a primary god. In order for the gods to hear better, you needed to get closer to them. Ziggurats had a wide base that narrowed to a flat top. The ziggurat showed that the city was dedicated to that god. Notable ziggurats include the Great Ziggurat of Ur near Nasiriyah, the Ziggurat of Aqar Quf near Baghdad, the now destroyed Etemenanki in Babylon, Chogha Zanbil in Khūzestān and Sialk. Originally built by Ur-Nammu in the 21st century B.C., it was 150 feet wide, 210 feet long and over 100 feet high. The ziggurat was always built with a core of mud brick and an exterior covered with baked brick. The Great Ziggurat at Ur was most famous ziggurat in Mesopotamia. For example, Murdock was the god of Babylon, Enki was the god of Eridu, and Ishtar was the goddess of Nineveh. Ziggurats were also vital in the early urbanization of Mesopotamia as communities formed around the important religious buildings. Ziggurats enjoyed a long history and an important place in ancient Mesopotamian religion and culture. Two famous examples of surviving ziggurats include the Great Ziggurat of Ur in Iraq, and Chogha Zanbil in Iran. A ziggurat is a type of massive structure built in ancient Mesopotamia. They were made of mud-brick that appear to have served as temples to the ancient gods of Mesopotamia. Ziggurats were ancient towering, stepped structures built in the ancient Mesopotamian valley and western Iranian plateau, having a terraced step pyramid of successively receding stories or levels. It … Ziggurat bases were square or rectangular. The Ziggurat was a temple. At the top of the ziggurat was a shrine to the god. In ancient times, each of the major city states in Mesopotamia had their own ziggurat, however many have been destroyed over the ages. Ziggurats were huge, with built in steps. The ziggurat was a temple to the main god of the city. The ancient Sumerians, believed their gods lived in the sky. It has the form of a terraced compound of successively receding stories or levels.

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